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Architectures of defense  is a series of large-scale sculptures  made of variable types of fences in metal, vinyl, and wood fencing.   Isolating how space is demarcated, the work visualizes power and property.  Architectures of Defense shows social class hierarchies arranged according to height  and the type of fencing used to defend a royal, civic, public, and private spaces.  Arrangement in Black is made with  industrial security fences, public gates and private balcony railing.

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